Citations and Referencing, or Notes

NEW NOTE April 2023:

When giving the URL address within a citation, a string usually starting with 'https...' it is no longer required to preface such string with the letters 'URL'. Web addresses are now ubiquitous in citations and it is redundant to label them as a 'URL', this is self-explanatory. Also, when giving the string for a doi we prefer you to capitalise the preface letters as DOI: with colon, and then the string. Thank you.

This matter is where we most strongly honour the Journal’s pillar of Freedom. The Journal welcomes and recognises all referencing styles and does not have a single preferred format. Therefore we accept the format you, the writer, are most comfortable with using. 

We have equal respect for APA, Chicago, Harvard, so please simply use the format with which you are comfortable, but do it completely in accord with the manual for the style you choose. Got it? Use your familiar style but use it properly! 

Within the text, use a baseline Arabic number in normal curved parentheses thus. (12) Or use (Author, date) We need this style to ensure your paper is of maximum usefulness on as many devices as possible. Place the (reference) in text next to something specific you have cited, or outside all punctuation, including the period at the end of a sentence. (12) Do not punctuate after the insertion. (Ebrall, 2019) 

We think Author/Date works well with footnotes and are ambivalent for either footnotes or endnotes with ascending in-text numbering or ‘author, date’. If using ‘author, date‘ then gather at the end of the paper as notes or references in alphabetical order of first author surname. Do this whether or not you have used footnotes, meaning if you do use footnotes then a reference will appear twice, one as a footnote on the page where you cite it, and again in an ordered list at the end of the paper.

Where you cite a range of references in test, use all citation numbers. Do not abbreviate with a dash as in (23-27), rather enter (23, 24, 25, 26, 27) Use one space between citation numbers. If (Author, Date) then seperate with a semi colon and space. (Ebrall, 2019; Cuthbert, 2020)

We are very picky with your structured citations. Follow the current guide for whichever style you use. If you get as much as a ‘,’ or ‘.’ in the wrong place your submission will be returned. We celebrate professionalism in our writers.

The Asia-Pac Chiropr J  is specifically for contemporary chiropractors and students. Like us, they want instant information, so every reference should have the paper’s URL or DOI, whichever gives the best return of the content you have cited.

The test our editors will apply is simple, ‘can we find it?’ We actually test every reference and expect all links to be active, current, and correct. 

Gathering the references or notes 

Again, our pillar of Freedom. You may elect to write with either footnotes or endnotes. Once again please choose the format that you feel most is suited to your style of writing. 

One benefit of footnotes is your ability to enter an explanatory comment to support your text. History and philosophy writers love this approach. In-text, simply enter (n) and against that number in the footnotes provide your narrative comment. If adding a footnote while using (Author, Date) enter. (note) Again the punctuation is before the bracketed insert. (Thus)


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